Gold Nanoparticle-Based Label-Free Detection of BRCA1 Mutations Utilizing DNA Ligation on DNA Microarray
Abstract:Here we describe a label-free detection strategy for point mutation in breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 utilizing ligation chain reaction (LCR) and zip-code array. We amplified the genomic regions containing mutation sites by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to prepare the template for LCR. Then we ligated a primary probe extended by zip-code complementary at the 5′ end with a 3′-thiol modified secondary probe. The resulting ligated product was labeled with gold nanoparticles and allowed to hybridize with corresponding zip-code sequences on the microarray. Finally, we applied silver enhancement to amplify the signals. Using this strategy, we successfully genotyped BRCA1 mutation, which was detected by naked eye.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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