Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Wurtzite ZnS Microstructures Under Mild Solvothermal Condition

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Abstract:

Through a facile solvothermal route using zinc chloride and thiourea as reactants, wurtzite ZnS and its precursor ZnS·(en)0.5 (en = ethylenediamine) with various morphologies and sizes were grown, which were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and N2 adsorption and so on. The phase evolution, composition and morphologies of the products are highly dependent on the concentration of en. By keeping the en-water volume ratio at 1/2 to 1, the nanostripes-flower or nanorod-spheric wurtzite ZnS were easily obtained under 120 °C for 6–24 h, which possess relatively higher specific surface area and larger total pore volume.

Keywords: MORPHOLOGY; NANOCRYSTAL; PRECURSOR; SOLVOTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; WURTZITE ZNS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2009.C054

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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