Carbon nanotubes possess unique properties that make them potentially ideal materials for various technological applications. However, a basic growth mechanism explaining the way metallic atoms interact with carbon to nucleate, grow and heal CNTs still needs to be understood. In this review paper we describe the mechanisms of catalytic chemical vapor deposition growth of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers, the role of various parameters that govern their growth kinetics and the knowledge added to singlewalled nanotube growth. We also examine future strategies needed to reveal complete knowledge of the growth mechanisms of carbon nanotubes.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.