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Purification of Laser Synthesized SWCNTs by Different Methods: A Comparative Study

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Abstract:

A comparison of different purification procedures for single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) synthesized by laser-vapourization has been presented. The methods involved gas-phase oxidation by calcination, liquid-phase oxidation by H2O2, hydrothermal treatment and acid refluxing in HCl. Sample purity is documented with Raman spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Multi-spot analyses were done to check the homogeneity of the purified samples. Different purification processes produced SWCNT material with purity in the range of 48–78%. Raman and TEM results suggested that prolonged calcination results in selective etching of larger diameter nanotubes. SEM and TGA analyses showed increase in density of SWCNTs with better oxidation resistance after purification.

Keywords: PURIFICATION PROCESSES; SELECTIVE OXIDATION; SWCNTS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.484

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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