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Ammonia Adsorption on Nanostructured Silica Materials for Hydrogen Storage and Other Applications

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Our focus in the present study is to apply high specific surface area silica nanostructured porous materials (about 2,200 m2/g, as synthesized, and 600–700 m2/g, after stabilization) to adsorb ammonia (NH3) for hydrogen storage and other chemical and pollution abatement applications. We describe here the synthesis, and characterization of these silica materials, and the adsorption study of N2 and NH3. These materials were obtained with the help of a modification of the Stöber-Fink-Bohn (SFB) method. The main change, made here to the SFB method, was the use of amines, i.e., triethylamine as catalysts instead of ammonium hydroxide. The silica materials have been characterized with the help of SEM and FTIR Spectrometry. The N2 adsorption study was carried out with the help of the Quantachrome-Autosorb-1 and the NH3 adsorption with the Quantachrome-Autosorb-1-C. The amount of hydrogen adsorbed in the form of NH3 in the studied silica samples at: P = 760 [Torr] (1.01325×105 [Pa]), was 2 [wt.%] and the amount of hydrogen stored in the form of NH3 at about: P = 7500 [Torr] (10.0×105 [Pa]), in the studied stabilized silica samples was 11 wt.%, a magnitude higher than the goal figure of 6.5 [wt.%] established by the United States of America, Department of Energy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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