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Fullerene C60–Silver Nanoparticles Hybrid Structures: Optical and Photoelectric Characterization

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Abstract:

A detailed optical and photoelectric characterization of pristine fullerene C60 films deposited onto n-silicon substrates (C60/Si), C60 films crosslinked by means of the solvent-free chemical functionalization with 1,8-diaminooctane (C60-DA/Si), and the pristine and crosslinked films decorated with silver nanoparticles (C60-Ag/Si and C60-DA-Ag/Si), was carried out. The reflectance spectra obtained allowed to calculate the absorption coefficient (α = 4pik/) spectral dependencies and the spectra of light transmittance in layered barrier structures metal(Au)/fullerene/Si. Photoelectric properties of the films were investigated as well. The experimentally measured values of band gap were in a good agreement with mobility gap values (2.3±0.1 eV). The decoration of fullerene films (both pristine and chemically crosslinked) with silver nanoparticles did not change the photocurrent spectra as compared to those for undecorated fullerene films, but lowered the values of internal quantum efficiency Qint. The photocurrent generated in fullerene/Si heterostructure, showed a maximum value at ∼450 nm (Qint max≈0.25 for decorated and undecorated C60-DA/Si films), and it was higher for the samples based on pristine C60 films, in accordance with their higher absorption coefficient. Diminishing of Qint for C60-DA/Si and C60-DA-Ag/Si films was observed for the spectral range of photocurrent generated in Si layer. The analysis of dark current–voltage characteristics showed that the barrier properties differ insignificantly, though a certain increase of series resistance was observed for the C60-DA/Si samples.

Keywords: 1,8-DIAMINOOCTANE; CHARACTERIZATION; FULLERENE C60; OPTICAL; PHOTOELECTRIC; SILVER NANOPARTICLES; THIN FILMS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.326

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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