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Fabrication and Characterization of Aluminum Nitride/Boron Nitride Nanocomposites by Carbothermal Reduction and Nitridation of Aluminum Borate Powders

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Abstract:

In order to fabricate aluminum nitride/boron nitride (AlN/BN) nanocomposites by pressureless sintering, the present study investigated the synthesis of AlN-BN nanocomposite powders by carbothermal reduction and nitridation of aluminum borate powders. Homogeneous mixtures of alumina (Al2O3), boric acid (H3BO3), and carbon powder were used to synthesize AlN/BN nanocomposite powders containing 10 and 20 vol% BN. Aluminum borate was produced by reacting Al2O3 and B2O3 above 800 °C, and AlN and turbostratic BN (t-BN) were produced by reacting aluminum borate with carbon powder and nitrogen gas at 1500 °C. Carbothermal reduction followed by nitridation yielded an AlN/BN nanocomposite powder composed of nanosized AlN and t-BN. By pressureless sintering nanocomposite AlN/BN powders containing 5 wt% Y2O3, AlN/BN nanocomposites were obtained without compromising the high thermal conductivity and high hardness.

Keywords: ALN; BN; CARBOTHERMAL REDUCTION; NANOCOMPOSITE; NITRIDATION; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.261

Publication date: 2008-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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