Ta2O5 Nanobars and Their Composites: Synthesis and Characterization
Abstract:Novel Ta2O5 nanobars anchored on micron-sized carbon spheres were synthesized by the thermal decomposition of pentaethoxy tantalate, Ta(OEt)5. This one-step reaction was carried out using the RAPET (Reaction Under Autogenic Pressure at Elevated Temperature) method by dissociating Ta(OEt)5 at 800 °C for 3 h. The as-prepared Ta2O5/C nanobar-composite was annealed under air at 500 °C for 3 h (eliminating the carbon spheres), resulting in neat Ta2O5 nanobars. The products, Ta2O5/C and Ta2O5 nanobars, were characterized using methods such as electron microscopy (SEM, TEM, HRTEM, SAEDS, EA, EDX) and Powder-XRD. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images indicated the particle size of the Ta2O5 nanobars coated on 40–60 nm carbon spheres. The optical properties of the Ta2O5/C nanobar-composite and the neat Ta2O5 nanobars were determined by UV-vis absorption spectrometry and their band gaps were found at 265 (4.7 eV) and 260 nm (4.8 eV), respectively. A PL band was also observed for a Ta2O5/C nanobar-composite and Ta2O5 nanobars. The above results indicate that Ta2O5 nanobars have a promising application in optical devices.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2008
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