pH Controlled Synthesis of High Aspect-Ratio Gold Nanorods

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Abstract:

Here we report the two-step synthesis of high aspect-ratio gold nanorods via combining low pH growth and higher cetyltrimethylammonium bromide concentration. The approach is motivated by the "slow growth principle," which has been demonstrated recently as a effective protocol to prepare high aspect-ratio one-dimensional nanostructures. When the pH value of the growth solution gradually decreased, the growth rate of nanorods was significantly decreased and a continuous morphological changing from uniform monodisperse gold nanospheres to extraordinary long gold nanorods occured. By simultaneously decreasing the growth pH and increasing the concentration of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, the length of gold nanorods could be further elongated to above 2 m with large aspect-ratio of above 80. This kind of high aspect-ratio gold nanorods could be excellent building blocks for optical or electrical nanodevices in future.

Keywords: GOLD NANORODS; HIGH ASPECT-RATIO; PH CONTROL SYNTHESIS; SEED MEDIATED; SLOW GROWTH

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.302

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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