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Dependence of Luminescence Efficiency of CdSe Quantum Dots on Chemical Environments

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Dependence of photoluminescence (PL) efficiency (ΦPL) of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) on coordinating solvents, precursors, and dispersing solvents was investigated. The ΦPL of CdSe QDs was ∼0.05 when synthesized at 120 °C using the precursors, cadmium acetate (CdAc) and trioctylphosphine selenide (TOPSe) in trioctylphosphine (TOP). The ΦPL was increased from 0.05 to ∼0.1 when coordinating solvents, trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and hexadecylamine (HDA), were added to the above reaction mixture. The ΦPL was dramatically increased from ∼0.1 to ∼0.7 when CdAc was replaced by cadmium stearate (CdSt). The ΦPL of CdSe QDs synthesized using cadmium stearate (CdSt)/TOPSe/TOP/TOPO was measured in butanol, chloroform, hexane, and toluene and found that the ΦPL is strong dispersing solvent-dependent. The DFT analysis at b3lyp/lanl2dz level on the interaction of CdSe QDs with chemical environments showed that oxygen-containing molecules interact strongly with CdSe compared to non-oxygen containing molecules and could influence the ΦPL.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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