Dependence of Luminescence Efficiency of CdSe Quantum Dots on Chemical Environments
Dependence of photoluminescence (PL) efficiency (ΦPL) of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) on coordinating solvents, precursors, and dispersing solvents was investigated. The ΦPL of CdSe QDs was ∼0.05 when synthesized at 120 °C using the precursors, cadmium acetate (CdAc) and trioctylphosphine selenide (TOPSe) in trioctylphosphine (TOP). The ΦPL was increased from 0.05 to ∼0.1 when coordinating solvents, trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and hexadecylamine (HDA), were added to the above reaction mixture. The ΦPL was dramatically increased from ∼0.1 to ∼0.7 when CdAc was replaced by cadmium stearate (CdSt). The ΦPL of CdSe QDs synthesized using cadmium stearate (CdSt)/TOPSe/TOP/TOPO was measured in butanol, chloroform, hexane, and toluene and found that the ΦPL is strong dispersing solvent-dependent. The DFT analysis at b3lyp/lanl2dz level on the interaction of CdSe QDs with chemical environments showed that oxygen-containing molecules interact strongly with CdSe compared to non-oxygen containing molecules and could influence the ΦPL.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 November 2008
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