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Synthesis of Tin-Carbon Composite by RF (Resorcinol-Formaldehyde) Sol Method and Their Applications as Lithium Battery Anodes

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Abstract:

Sn/C composites were prepared by hydrothermal treatment from a mixture of tin tetrachloride pentahydrate (SnCl4ยท5H2O) and resorcinol-formaldehyde gel (RF gel). Particle size was controlled by varying initial pH of the mixture, and particle size distribution was very narrow. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized to examine surface morphology and particle size. Composition was determined by energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), and crystallinity of synthesized samples was investigated by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. The electrochemical properties of synthesized samples as anodes for Li-ion batteries were investigated in coin cells. The electrochemical performance as an anode was found to be strongly dependent on particle size.

Keywords: LI-ION BATTERY; RESORCINOL-FORMALDEHYDE GEL; SN/C COMPOSITES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.1152

Publication date: October 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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