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Formation of the Colloidal Particles of Sulfonated Polystyrene Ionomers Neutralized with Either Na(I) or Ba(II) in THF/Water (1/99) Mixture

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Abstract:

The sizes of colloidal particles in THF/water (1/99 v/v) of the sulfonated polystyrene copolymers containing 2.1, 5.1 and 9.4 mol% of either acidic or ionic repeat units were determined using a dynamic light scattering technique. It was observed that for the acid copolymer containing 2.1 mol% of acidic units the size of the particle and size distribution decreased significantly as the solution concentration decreased from 2.0 × 10−4 to 5.0 × 10−6 g/mL. However, when the content of acidic units increased to 5.1 and 9.4 mol%, the size of the particles and size distribution increased slightly with decreasing solution concentrations. It was also found that the neutralization of the acid group with Na(I) induced the slow increase in the diameter of colloidal particles of the ionomers with decreasing solution concentration, and that the size of the colloids decreased with increasing ion contents. Thus, it was suggested that the former and latter findings could be understood using the polyelectrolyte effect and charge density concepts, respectively. For the ionomers neutralized with Ba(II), it was found that the size of the single colloidal particles was similar to that of the Na(I) ionomer. However, the aggregates of the colloids were not easily separated by the ultrasonication. Thus, it was speculated that the Ba(II) cations placed inside the aggregates of hydrophobic environment acted as the links between colloidal particles.

Keywords: AGGREGATES; CATION; COLLOIDS; IONIZATION; IONOMER; SIZE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.1132

Publication date: October 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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