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Effects of Molecular Weights of Sulfonated Polystyrene Ionomers on the Formation of Stable Colloidal Particles in Tetrahydrofuran/Water (1/99) Mixture

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Abstract:

The effects of the molecular weights (MWs) of sulfonated polystyrene copolymers on the colloidal particle sizes and the size distributions were investigated. It was found that the size of colloidal particle of acid copolymer of relatively low MW, being largest in comparison with higher MW sample, decreased strongly and then remained constant at ca. 11 nm upon dilution. These findings implied that at relatively high concentrations the colloids aggregated together due to the interactions between particles having relatively non-polar surface and that the colloids might contain more than one polymer chain. In the cases of copolymers of high MWs, the colloid sizes did not change much with the solution concentration, but the particle size of the higher MW copolymer was slightly larger than that of the lower MW sample. This was understood; the higher MW copolymer, the longer polymer chain, and the larger colloid. The size of the ionomeric colloids was found to increase slightly upon dilution, which was due to the repulsion of ionic groups on the surface. As expected, the size of the particles of the ionomers showed a similar trend found in the acid samples.

Keywords: AGGREGATES; COLLOIDS; IONIZATION; IONOMER; MOLECULAR WEIGHT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.1113

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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