Improved Light Extraction Efficiency in GaN-Based Light Emitting Diode by Nano-Scale Roughening of p-GaN Surface
Abstract:Improvement in light extraction efficiency of Ultra Violet-Light Emitting Diode (UV-LED) is achieved by nano-scale roughening of p-type Gallium Nitride (p-GaN) surface. The process of surface roughening is carried out by using self assembled gold (Au) nano-clusters with support of nano-size silicon-oxide (SiO2) pillars on p-GaN surface as a dry etching mask and by p-GaN regrowth in the regions not covered by the mask after dry etching. Au nano-clusters are formed by rapid thermal annealing (RTA) process carried out at 600 °C for 1 min using 15 nm thick Au layer on top of SiO2. The p-GaN roughness is controlled by p-GaN regrowth time. Four different time values of 15 sec, 30 sec, 60 sec and 120 sec are considered for p-GaN regrowth. Among the four different p-GaN regrowth time values 30 sec regrown p-GaN sample has the optimum roughness to increase the electroluminescence (EL) intensity to a value approximately 60% higher than the EL intensity of a conventional LED.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-10-01
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