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Insertion of Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Pattern on p-GaN Layer of GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes Using Bi-Layer Nanoimprint Lithography

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Nanoimprint lithography (NIL) was adapted to fabricate two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystal (PC) pattern on the p-GaN layer of InGaN/GaN multi quantum well light-emitting diodes (LEDs) structure to improve the light extraction efficiency. For the uniform transfer of the PC pattern, a bi-layer imprinting method with liquid phase resin was used. The p-GaN layer was patterned with a periodic array of holes by an inductively coupled plasma etching process, based on SiCl4/Ar plasmas. As a result, 2-D photonic crystal patterns with 144 nm, 200 nm and 347 nm diameter holes were uniformly formed on the p-GaN layer and the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of each patterned LED samples was increased by more than 2.6 times, as compared to that of the un-patterned LED sample.
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Keywords: LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES; NANOIMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PHOTON EXTRACTION EFFICIENCY; TWO DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTALS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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