Insertion of Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Pattern on p-GaN Layer of GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes Using Bi-Layer Nanoimprint Lithography
Abstract:Nanoimprint lithography (NIL) was adapted to fabricate two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystal (PC) pattern on the p-GaN layer of InGaN/GaN multi quantum well light-emitting diodes (LEDs) structure to improve the light extraction efficiency. For the uniform transfer of the PC pattern, a bi-layer imprinting method with liquid phase resin was used. The p-GaN layer was patterned with a periodic array of holes by an inductively coupled plasma etching process, based on SiCl4/Ar plasmas. As a result, 2-D photonic crystal patterns with 144 nm, 200 nm and 347 nm diameter holes were uniformly formed on the p-GaN layer and the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of each patterned LED samples was increased by more than 2.6 times, as compared to that of the un-patterned LED sample.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2008
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