Investigation on Growth Behavior of CNTs Synthesized by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition System on Fe Catalyzed Substrate
We have studied growth behavior of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on iron (Fe) catalyzed substrate using newly developed atmospheric pressure plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (AP-PECVD) system. To investigate the improved growth performance with simple equipment and process on large scale, a new AP-PECVD system containing different concept on downstream gas was designed and manufactured. As a catalyst, either sputtered or evaporated Fe thin film on SiO2/Si substrate was used and acetylene gas was used as a carbon source. We observed growth behavior of CNTs such as height, rate and density were strongly affected by plasma power. The maximum height of 427 μm and 267 μm was synthesized under RF plasma power of 30 W for 30 min and 40 W for 3 min, respectively. The growth rate dramatically increased to 6.27 times as plasma power increased from 30 to 40 W which opens the possibility the mass production of CNTs. By SEM and TEM observation, it was verified the grown CNTs was consists of mixture of single-wall and multi-wall CNTs. The graphitization ratio was measured to be 0.93, indicating that the graphitized CNTs forest was formed and relatively high purity of CNTs was synthesized, being useful for nano-composite materials to reinforce the strength. From our experiments, we can observe that the height and growth rate of CNTs is strong function of plasma power.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-10-01
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