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Analysis of Polarization Dependence of a Nano-Slit Using Finite-Difference-Time-Domain Method

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We analyzed the polarization dependent behavior of a nano-slit using a quasi-periodic finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD). In the simulation, the transmission decreases nearly to zero when the polarization is parallel to a slit, and the slit is narrower than a half wavelength. On the other hand, transmission of polarization perpendicular to the slit produces monotonic decrease with a decrease of the slit width. The polarization discrimination can be attributed to the different boundary conditions for two polarizations. According to a derived simple formula, the parallel polarization decays exponentially with the thickness of the slit when the width is smaller than a half wavelength. The exponential decay is verified by the simulation. In addition, the calculated transmission of aluminum nano-slit has a similar polarization behavior to that of a dielectric nano-slit.
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Keywords: DIFFRACTION; NANO; PHOTONICS; POLARIZATION; SLIT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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