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Synthesis of Carbazole-Based Polymers with 1,3,4-Oxadiazole Pendant Group and Their Application in Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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Structurally well-defined copolymers with high solubility were prepared via palladium-catalyzed polycondensation of N-(2-ethylhexyl)-3,6-dibromocarbazole with 2-aryl-5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole (aryl = phenyl, p-methylphenyl, p-methoxyphenyl). Copolymers consisted of alkylcarbazole groups in the main chain and 1,3,4-oxadiazole pendants in the side chain. The influence of their aryl substituents on physical, optical, band gaps and electroluminescent characteristics of the copolymers was investigated. Both UV-Visible absorption and photoluminescence emission peaks of the copolymers were similar to each other. The band gap energy of the polymers was measured in the range of 2.84∼2.88 eV, and HOMO energy in the range of −5.13∼−5.18 eV. These copolymers were used as hole-transporting layers (HTL) in the light-emitting diodes with Alq3 as an emitting layer. Compared to devices with P-H and P-OCH3 used as HTL, it should be noted that device with P-CH3 used as HTL showed higher luminescence. Maximum luminescence of devices was measured to be 276cd/m2 at 14 V with P-H, 625 cd/m2 at 15 V with P-CH3, and 471 cd/m2 at 14 V with P-OCH3. This might be due to effect of subtle changes in HOMO energy level of polymers with changing substituent groups. Phosphorescent polymer light emitting diodes were also fabricated with an emitting layer consisting of P-CH3 matrix and a red phosphorescent dopant (Ir-PIQCH).


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2008

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