Controllable Dimension of ZnO Nanowalls on GaN/c-Al2O3 Substrate by Vapor Phase Epitaxy Method
Abstract:Vertically well-aligned ZnO nanowalls were successfully synthesized at 950–1050 °C. Ar gas was introduced into the furnace at a flow rate of 2000–2500 sccm. An Au thin film with a thickness of 3 nm was used as a catalyst. The ZnO nanowalls were successfully grown on the substrate and most of them had nearly the same thickness and were oriented perpendicular to the substrate. The morphology and chemical composition of the ZnO nanowalls were examined as a function of the growth conditions examined. It was found that the grown ZnO nanowalls have a single-crystalline hexagonal structure and preferred c-axis growth orientation based on the X-ray diffraction and higher-solution transmission electron microscope measurements. The room temperature photoluminescence showed a strong free-exciton emission band with negligible deep level emission, indicating the high optical property of our ZnO nanowall samples.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2008
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