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New Strategy and Easy Fabrication of Solid-State Supercapacitor Based on Polypyrrole and Nitrile Rubber

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Abstract:

Solid state redox supercapacitors were fabricated using a solid polymer electrolyte, nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR)-KCl and chemically deposited polypyrrole (PPy) as the conducting polymer electrodes on both surfaces of a NBR film. The optimal conditions for the preparation of the PPy/NBR electrode were confirmed as functions of the uptake of pyrrole monomer into the NBR matrix as well as the immersion time in an oxidant solution. The morphology of the PPy-NBR-KCl capacitor was observed using scanning electron microscopy. The performance of the capacitors was characterized using a galvanostatic charge–discharge technique.

Keywords: CONDUCTING POLYMER; NBR; POLYPYRROLE; SOLID STATE SUPERCAPACITOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.IC43

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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