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Preparation of Semi-Conducting Polymeric Nanoparticles by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide RESOLV Process

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Abstract:

The rapid expansion of supercritical carbon dioxide solutions into a liquid solvent (RESOLV) technique with environmentally benign supercritical carbon dioxide was used to produce semi-conducting polymeric nanoparticles of fluoroalkyl ester substituted thiophenes. When the supercritical solutions of the conjugated polymer, poly[2-(3-thienyl) acetyl-3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8, tridecafluoro-1-octanate] (PSFTE) were expanded into aqueous solutions through a small capillarynozzle (150 m), spherical nanoparticles in the range of 50–100 nm were obtained. However, after 15 min of expansion, the particles tended to aggregate to form larger objects due to the high surface energy of the polymeric nanoparticles. In order to prevent the agglomeration of particles, a relatively low concentration of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) or NaCl was used as a stabilizing agent in aqueous solution. While NaCl did not give enough stabilization to the system, uniform spherical nanoparticles of PSFTE having an average size of 45 nm were successfully obtained by SDS stabilization.

Keywords: NANOPARTICLES; RESOLV; SEMI-CONDUCTING POLYMERS; SUPERCRITICAL CO2

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.IC13

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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