Effect of Li2O/Al Cathode in Alq3 Based Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
An effect of bilayer cathode Li2O/Al was studied in Alq3 based organic light-emitting diodes with a variation of Li2O layer thickness. The current-luminance-voltage characteristics of ITO/TPD/Alq3/Li2O/Al device were measured at ambient condition to investigate the effect of Li2O/Al. It was found that when the thickness of Li2O layer is in the range of 0.5∼1 nm, there are improvements in luminance, efficiency, and turn-on voltage of the device. A current density and a luminance are increased by about 100 times, a turn-on voltage is lowered from 6 V to 3 V, a maximum current efficiency is improved by a factor of 2.3, and a maximum power efficiency is improved by a factor of 3.2 for a device with a use of thin Li2O layer compared to those of the one without the Li2O layer. These improvements are thought to be due to a lowering of electron-barrier height for electron injection from the cathode to the emissive layer.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 September 2008
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