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Effect of Li2O/Al Cathode in Alq3 Based Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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An effect of bilayer cathode Li2O/Al was studied in Alq3 based organic light-emitting diodes with a variation of Li2O layer thickness. The current-luminance-voltage characteristics of ITO/TPD/Alq3/Li2O/Al device were measured at ambient condition to investigate the effect of Li2O/Al. It was found that when the thickness of Li2O layer is in the range of 0.5∼1 nm, there are improvements in luminance, efficiency, and turn-on voltage of the device. A current density and a luminance are increased by about 100 times, a turn-on voltage is lowered from 6 V to 3 V, a maximum current efficiency is improved by a factor of 2.3, and a maximum power efficiency is improved by a factor of 3.2 for a device with a use of thin Li2O layer compared to those of the one without the Li2O layer. These improvements are thought to be due to a lowering of electron-barrier height for electron injection from the cathode to the emissive layer.
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Keywords: ELECTRON INJECTION LAYER; LI2O; ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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