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Removal of Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide to Enhance the Biocompatibility of Au Nanorods Synthesized by a Modified Seed Mediated Growth Process

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Abstract:

Previously, we reported the synthesis of stable gold nanorods with higher aspect ratio (∼15–20) and more enhanced uniformity by a modified seed mediated growth approach using a binary surfactant system consisting of CTAB and Pluronic F-127. For the in vivo application of gold nanorods, the removal of CTABs that are strongly bound on prepared Au nanorods is necessary due to their cytotoxicity. Use of heat or acid at various conditions was performed to achieve the complete removal of CTAB from the synthesized Au nanorods while maintaining their stability. Here, we report the appropriate conditions for both treatments that can remove CTAB efficiently without hampering the stability of Au nanorods. After the removal of CTAB, Pluronic F-127 was added additionally for the stabilization and further potential functionalization of Au nanorods to make useful for various applications. VIS-NIR absorption spectroscopy, SEM, TEM, and FTIR were used for characterization.

Keywords: AU NANORODS; CTAB; CYTOTOXICITY; PLURONIC F-127

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.IC18

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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