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Investigation on the Surface Passivation of Intrinsic a-Si:H Thin Films Prepared by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Chemical Vapor Deposition for Heterojunction Solar Cell Applications

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Intrinsic a-Si:H thin films, which can have passivation functions on the surface of crystalline Si, were deposited by inductively coupled plasma chemical vapor deposition (ICP-CVD). The properties of the films were investigated at deposition temperatures ranging from 50 to 400 °C. The Si—H stretching mode at 2000 cm−1, which indicates good film quality, was found in the range of 150∼400 °C, but the film quality was not good at deposition temperatures below 150 °C. The passviation quality was determined by measuring the effective carrier lifetime using the quasi-steady state photoconductance (QSS-PC) technique. Two, 5, 7.5 and 10 nm thick films were deposited at 150 °C and annealed at 200 °C for 1 hour. The carrier lifetime of these films was approximately 3 times higher than that observed before annealing. A p a-SiC:H/i a-Si:H/n c-Si hetero-structure solar cell with a 7.8% efficiency and approximately 85% quantum efficiency (QE) was obtained by inserting an intrinsic a-Si:H thin film (5 nm) between the interfaces. These results highlight the potential applications of a passivation layer to heterojunction solar cells.
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Keywords: AMORPHOUS; HETEROJUNCTION; ICP-CVD; INTRINSIC; QSSPC; SI; SOLAR CELL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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