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Nanocrystalline ZnO Film Layer on Silicon and its Application to Surface Acoustic Wave-Based Streaming

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Abstract:

A surface acoustic wave (SAW) device consisting of 1∼6 m-thick ZnO thin films deposited on Si wafer was designed, fabricated, and characterized in this study. Photolithographic protocols for interdigitated transducers (IDTs) and surface modification using fluoroalkylsilane are employed with the aim of droplet-based microfluidic actuations in bio-microsystems. A ZnO thin film was grown on a 4′ silicon wafer with c-axis orientation, an average roughness of 11.6 nm, and a small grain size of 20 nm. It was found that the resonant frequencies (Rayleigh and Sezawa modes) of SAW devices move to a lower frequency range as the thickness of the ZnO thin films increases. Through the silane surface modification, a hydrophobic surface with a contact angle of 114° was obtained. Finally, liquid streaming by acoustic wave was demonstrated by observing the actuation of SiO2 microparticles in a microfluidic drop.

Keywords: DROPLET; MICROFLUIDIC MIXING; NANOCRYSTALLINE; SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE; ZNO FILM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.IC44

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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