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Preparation of Platinum Nanoparticles in Heterogeneous Solid-Liquid System by Ultrasound and Microwave Irradiation

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Abstract:

Pt nanoparticles and Pt/spherical carbon (SC) were prepared in a heterogeneous (PtO2/SC, water/ethanol) solid-liquid system without dispersant using ultrasound and microwave irradiation. The Pt nanoparticles and Pt/SC were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDX), and dynamic light scattering method for particle size determination. The average size of the Pt nanoparticles prepared by only ultrasound irradiation was smaller than that prepared by microwave irradiation. Pt nanoparticles were successfully prepared by microwave irradiation with a reaction time of several minutes at a specific concentration of diluted ethanol. Pt/SC prepared by combined ultrasound and microwave irradiation resulted in fine particles with good homogeneous distribution.

Keywords: MICROWAVE; NO DISPERSANT; PLATINUM NANOPARTICLES; SOLID-LIQUID SYSTEM; ULTRASOUND

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.298

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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