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Structure and Microwave Characteristics of Co/TiO2 Nanocomposites Prepared by Ball Milling

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Co/TiO2 nanocomposites were fabricated via direct ball milling. The structure and microwave characteristics of the Co/TiO2 nanocomposites were investigated. The results show that the hcp and fcc Co phases coexist in the nanocomposites for a long milling duration. The accumulation of the stacking faults in Co and the increase of the Co/TiO2 interfaces were detected by nuclear magnetic resonance. The measured relative complex permittivity of the Co/TiO2 nanocomposite-paraffin wax mixture indicates that a high electrical resistivity and a dielectric loss exist in the Co/TiO2 nanocomposites. The dielectric loss mainly results from the polarisation of the metal/insulator interfaces. The imaginary part of the relative complex permeability of the mixture exhibits a broad resonance peak at 5.1 GHz which originates from the natural resonance in Co. The broadening of the resonance peak can be attributed to the fluctuating magnetocrystalline anisotropy at the stacking faults and interfaces regions. The calculated reflection loss curves show that the minimal reflection loss value of the Co/TiO2 nanocomposite-paraffin wax mixture can reach −32 dB at 4.0 GHz with a 3 mm sample thickness. The improved microwave absorption properties may result from the high electrical resistivity, dielectric loss and natural resonance.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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