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Ultrafine Cellulose Acetate Fibers with Nanoscale Structural Features

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Nano-structural features were introduced to ultrafine cellulose acetate (CA) fibers by electrospinning of its mixtures with either poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) PVP or β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in DMF, followed by dissolution of the added PVP or β-CD. The presence of the charge-holding PVP enabled fiber formation from CA below its entanglement chain length and improved the electrospinning efficiency to produce bicomponent fibers with wide ranging diameters from 30 to 650 nm. At up to 50% contents, the PVP in the bicomponent fibers was phase-separated from CA and, upon removal, resulting in highly angulated fiber surfaces with nanometer-size spherulites and sub-micron size ridges and grooves. Adding β-CD to CA enabled fiber formation at concentrations below the chain entanglement concentration Ce (16.5%). Hydrogen bonding between β-CD and CA, as evident by FTIR, helped to distribute β-CD as individual molecules in the CA matrix and producing more uniform and finer (130–150 nm in diameters) fibers, irrespective of their β-CD contents. Removal of β-CD from the fibers originally containing 40% β-CD, generated nanoporous fibers with 2-nm nanopores and 70% increase in specific surface and doubled pore volume.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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