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Novel Low Temperature Chemical Synthesis and Characterization of Zinc Oxide Nanostructures

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We report a new and highly efficient method to synthesize zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures having a variety of sizes and shapes. A simple chemical reaction is followed that utilizes the oxidation of metallic zinc in the presence of an appropriate catalyst. This one-step method has advantages such as low temperature and atmospheric pressure synthesis, high yield of more than 90% and excellent optical and crystalline properties of the product. X-ray diffraction pattern of the samples shows hexagonal phase of ZnO with particles size in the range of 60–75 nm. Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope images of the ZnO show hexagonal and rod-shaped nanoparticles. UV-visible spectra of the dispersed samples show strong absorption peaks at ∼378 nm. The photoluminescence spectra show a strong emission peak at ∼388 nm indicating good optical characteristics. The product formed is found to be dependent on the ratio of the starting materials and on other reaction conditions such as temperature, time etc. This method is suitable for large-scale production of nanosized ZnO and could be extended for the synthesis of other metal oxides, such as MgO etc.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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