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Optical and Electrical Properties of Mechanochemically Synthesized Nanocrystalline Delafossite CuAlO2

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Abstract:

Nanocrystalline p-type semiconductor copper aluminum oxide (CuAlO2) has been synthesized by mechanical alloying using freshly prepared Cu2O and α-Al2O3 nanocrystals in toluene medium. A study on structural property performed with different alloying and post annealing durations, by X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals the formation of single phase with average crystallite size ∼45 nm. Optical absorbance onset at 364.5 nm confirms its wide band gap nature (Eg = 3.4 eV) and the fluorescence emission behaviour (390 nm) confirms its direct band type transition. The activation energy for electrical conduction has been calculated by Arrhenius plots using impedance measurement. Both grain and grain boundary conductivity takes place with almost equal activation energies of ∼0.45 eV. The paper discusses synthesis, structural, optical and electrical properties of delafossite CuAlO2 in detail.

Keywords: DELAFOSSITE; NANOCRYSTALS; OXIDE P-TYPE SEMICONDUCTORS; TRANSPARENT MATERIALS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.AN23

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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