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Structural and Optical Studies of CdS Nanocomposites Synthesized by Various Routes

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Abstract:

Structural and optical properties of CdS nanocomposites prepared by two different routes are presented in this paper. While CdS prepared by aqueous media results in the formation of nanoparticles of particle sizes 8–9 nm; the solvothermal process results in the formation of nanorods of diameter 40–50 nm and length 450–750 nm where particle sizes were confirmed by SEM and TEM. XRD studies confirm that the structure of these nanocomposites is wurzite. EDAX give the stoichiometric ratio. UV-Vis and photoluminescence (PL) measurements show a blue shift compared to bulk CdS, supporting quantum confinement effect. Nanocomposites are found to be stable up to 650 °C was observed by thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). The Raman scattering studies show that in addition to LO and TO phonon modes, peak corresponding to surface phonon modes are present in both cases, which are due to high surface to volume ratio. The CdS nanocomposites can therefore be used for various stable optoelectronic devices.

Keywords: CDS; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; RAMAN SPECTRA; THERMAL STABILITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.AN35

Publication date: 2008-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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