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Infrared Spectroscopy and Elastic Properties of Nanocrystalline Mg–Mn Ferrites Prepared by Co-Precipitation Technique

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Abstract:

Nanoparticles having particle size in the range 25–40 nm for compositions x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.5 of MgxMn1−xFe2O4 spinel ferrite system have been prepared by chemical co-precipitation route. The microstructure, infrared spectral and elastic properties have been studied by means of energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopic (IR) measurements, before (W) and after high temperature annealing A(W). The force constants for tetrahedral and octahedral sites determined by infrared spectral analysis, lattice constant and X-ray density values by X-ray diffraction pattern analysis; have been used to calculate elastic constants. The magnitude of force constant and elastic moduli for nanocrystalline W-samples are found to be larger as compared to coarse grained A(W)-samples. The results have been explained in the light of redistribution of cations and as a result change in mean ionic charge for such cationic sites, elastic energy and grain size reduction effect of Nanoparticles.

Keywords: CO-PRECIPITATION TECHNIQUE; ELASTIC PROPERTIES; INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY; NANOCRYSTALLINE FERRITES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.AN33

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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