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Physics Behind the Oscillation of Pressure Tensor Autocorrelation Function for Nanocolloidal Dispersions

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Abstract:

In this work, extensive equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations are conducted to explore the physics behind the oscillation of pressure tensor autocorrelation function (PTACF) for nanocolloidal dispersions, which leads to strong instability in viscosity calculation. By reducing the particle size and density, we find the intensity of the oscillation decreases while the frequency of the oscillation becomes higher. Careful analysis of the relationship between the oscillation and nanoparticle characteristics reveals that the stress wave scattering/reflection at the particle-liquid interface plays a critical role in PTACF oscillation while the Brownian motion/vibration of solid particles has little effect. Our modeling proves that it is practical to eliminate the PTACF oscillation through suppressing the acoustic mismatch at the solid-liquid interface by designing special nanoparticle materials. It is also found when the particle size is comparable with the wavelength of the stress wave, diffraction of stress wave happens at the interface. Such effect substantially reduces the PTACF oscillation and improves the stability of viscosity calculation.

Keywords: NANOCOLLOIDAL DISPERSION; OSCILLATION; PARTICLE-LIQUID INTERFACE; STRESS WAVE SCATTERING; VISCOSITY

Document Type: Short Communication

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.431

Publication date: 2008-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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