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Fullerene C60 Films Cross-Linked with Octane-1,8-Dithiol: Preparation, Characterization and the Use as Template for Chemical Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

We report on the preparation of fullerene C60 thin films chemically cross-linked with octane-1,8-dithiol, which are capable of binding gold nanoparticles. The formation of a polymer was directly proved by means of laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectra, in which we observed the cleavage of fullerene–dithiol polymer at different bonds. Fourier-transform infrared, Raman and UV-visible spectra of the functionalized films exhibited notorious changes due to the formation of new covalent bonds between C60 molecules and bifunctional thiol. We further demonstrated that the dithiol-functionalized fullerene can be employed as a support for stable and homogeneous deposition of gold nanoparticles. Their average size is about 5 nm according to high-resolution transmission electron microscopy observations, and up to 20 nm, as found from scanning tunneling microscopy images. The proposed binding mechanism is through a strong coordination attachment between Au nanoclusters and sulfur donor atoms of the functionalized fullerene, as supported by density functional theory calculations.

Keywords: DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY CALCULATIONS; FULLERENE C60; FUNCTIONALIZATION; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; OCTANE-1-8-DITHIOL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.205

Publication date: 2008-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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