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ZnO Nanonails: Synthesis and Their Application as Glucose Biosensor

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Well-crystallized zinc oxide nanonails were grown in a high density by thermal evaporation process and were used as supporting matrixes for glucose oxidase (GOx) immobilization to construct efficient glucose biosensor. The GOx attached to the surfaces of ZnO nanonails had more spatial freedom in its orientation, which facilitated the direct electron transfer between the active sites of immobilized GOx and electrode surface. The fabricated biosensor showed a high sensitivity of 24.613 μA cm–2 mM–1 with a response time less than 10 s. Moreover, it shows a linear range from 0.1 to 7.1 mM with a correlation coefficient of R = 0.9937 and detection limit of 5 μM.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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