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Assessing the Density Functional Theory in the Hydrogen Storage Problem

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Abstract:

A variety of high and low level ab-initio calculations have been performed to calculate hydrogen's physisorption binding energy on carbon nanotube's walls. This study focuses on the performance of several functionals on treating the H2-carbon nanotube interaction within the Density Functional Theory. Our results show that the behavior of the exchange functional in the low density region plays an important role in describing this weak van der Waals type of interaction. By comparing the binding energy values obtained on each theoretical level and interpreting the results in terms of %wt percentages of hydrogen storage using the Langmuir isotherms, we proposed possible ways to treat computationally the hydrogen storage problem within the DFT.

Keywords: AB-INITIO; CARBON NANOTUBES; DFT; FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE; HYDROGEN STORAGE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.107

Publication date: June 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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