Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Mo-Ni-W Oxide Nanostructures
Abstract:In this work, we report the synthesis and characterization of Mo-Ni-W oxides. The precursor was prepared from an aqueous solution of ammonium heptamolibdate, ammonium metatungstate, and nickel nitrate with an atomic ratio of 1:1:1 (Mo:W:Ni). The solution was then transferred to a Teflon-lined stainless steel autoclave and heated to 200 °C and left at this temperature for 48 h. The resulting material was then washed and dried. The morphology and elemental composition were studied by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The porosity was studied by the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller method. The materials synthesized at 200 °C remained amorphous and had a specific surface area of 114 m2/g with pore size of 34 Å. The average length was 1 m and the average diameter was 60 nm. The crystalline phase of synthesized material corresponded to W0.4Mo0.6O3 and WO3. After annealing at 550 °C for two hours, the material was polycrystalline with a segregated structure of MoO3, WO3; NiMoO4 was observed. The sublimation of the molybdenum oxide was evident when annealed at 900 °C for two hours and finally two crystalline phases of material remained; roundish WO3 and elongated particles of NiWO4.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2008
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