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Thermal Annealing Dependence of High-Frequency Magnetoimpedance in Amorphous and Nanocrystalline FeSiBCuNb Ribbons

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The magnetoimpedance (MI) effect in Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1 melt-spun amorphous ribbons has been studied in the frequency range (1–500 MHz). Isothermal heating treatments in a furnace have been employed to nanocrystallize the ribbons (1 h at 565 °C in a vacuum of 10–3 mbar), while other samples were annealed at lower temperatures (400 and 475 °C during 1 h), in order to evaluate the influence of the annealing temperature on the MI effect. The high-frequency impedance was measured using a technique based on the reflection coefficient measurements of a specific transmission line by using a network analyzer. Frequency dependence of the MI ratio, ΔZ/Z, and both resistive, ΔR/R, and reactive, ΔX/X, components of magnetoimpedance were measured in the amorphous and annealed states, at different temperatures. A maximum value of the MI ratio of about 50% at a driving frequency of 18 MHz is obtained in the nanocrystalline (annealed at 565 °C) ribbon. Maxima for R/R of about 81% at 85 MHz and ΔX/X around 140% at 5 MHz were also achieved. It is revealed that the microstructural evolution in the nanocrystalline sample leads to a magnetic softening, an optimum domain structure and a permeability which is sensitive to frequency and applied magnetic field, generating a large MI response.
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Keywords: AMORPHOUS RIBBONS; MAGNETOIMPEDANCE; MICROWAVE FREQUENCY; NANOCRYSTALLINE ALLOYS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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