Preparation of Immobilized Nano-Columnar TiO2 Grains by Chemical Vapor Deposition
Nano-columnar TiO2 grains are prepared and immobilized by chemical vapor deposition using TiCl4, H2 and O2 at low temperature. The structure of TiO2 is analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), the morphology is observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the adhesion is estimated by measuring the critical load in scratch test. Results show that the structure of TiO2 films depend on the deposition temperature changing from amorphous, anatase, rutile, and both anatase and rutile phases as prepared at temperatures of 200, 300, 400 and 500 °C, respectively. The nano-columnar TiO2 grains are formed in both rutile and anatase phases, while it could be only rutile phase by increasing TiCl4 flow rate. The morphologies of TiO2 changes from smooth to nano-columnar grains as the deposition temperature increased from 200 to 400 °C. Excellent adhesion strength of crystalline TiO2 was obtained and it could be improved by increasing the TiCl4 flow rate in range of 0.3–0.6 sccm, where the critical load of TiO2 increases from 17 to 21 N.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-05-01
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