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Synthesis of Calcium Carbonate-Polyethylene Oxide Hybrid Nanofibers Through In-Situ Electrospinning

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Abstract:

In this work, calcium carbonate nanoparticles-polyethylene oxide nanofibers as organic–inorganic hybrid were prepared via in-situ electrospinning. Thus, electrospinning of polyethylene oxide solution saturated with calcium hydroxide was carried out in gaseous carbon dioxide atmosphere. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles were formed on the produced nanofibers of 200–300 nm in diameter. The existence of the formed CaCO3 was also proved by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) via loss of gaseous CO2 related to the decomposition of CaCO3 at about 500–840 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of the nanofibers showed that the formed CaCO3 nanoparticles have vaterite morphology. DSC analysis was used to determine melting point and to calculate the crystallinity of the produced hybrid nanofibers. The TEM, TGA, XRD and DSC analyses results of the obtained nanofibers were compared with those of the nanofibers produced in electrospinning of pure polyethylene oxide solution and polyethylene oxide solution having calcium hydroxide, both in air.

Keywords: CALCIUM CARBONATE NANOPARTICLES; IN-SITU ELECTROSPINNING; NANOFIBERS; POLYETHYLENE OXIDE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.264

Publication date: 2008-05-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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