Red Shift for CdTe Nanoparticle Thin Films and Suspensions During Heating
Abstract:The work that we have conducted shows that temperature affects the wavelength of light emitted from CdTe nanoparticle clusters that are in a suspension or deposited into thin films via a layer-by-layer process. Compared with the stock suspension, the films show an initial photoluminescent shift, of circa 6–8 nm to the red, when the particles are deposited. A shift of circa 6–8 nm is also seen when the suspensions are first heated to 85 °C from room temperature (20 °C) having been stored in a fridge at 5 °C. This shift is non-recoverable. With continual cycling from room temperature to 85 °C the suspensions show a slight tendency for the emission to move increasingly to the red; whereas the films show no such tendency. In both cases, the range in emission is ca 10 nm from the room temperature state to 80 °C. The intensity of the emission from the film drops abruptly (ca 50% reduction) after one cycle of heating; in the suspension there is an initial increase (ca 3–5% increase) in intensity before it decays. We see that the shift towards the red has been attributed to energy transfer or a rearrangement of the packing of the particles in the thin films. After conducting analysis of the films using scanning probe microscopy we have determined that a change in the morphology is responsible for the permanent shift in emission wavelength associated with prolonged heating. The influence of traps has not been ruled out, but the morphological change in the samples is very large and is likely to be the dominating mechanism affecting change for the red shift at room temperature.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2008
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