Luminescence Tuning of Amorphous Si Quantum Dots Prepared by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition
Amorphous Si (a-Si) quantum dots (QDs) embedded in a silicon nitride film were prepared by a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technique using gaseous mixtures of silane, hydrogen and nitrogen. We observed that the Si QDs had an amorphous structure from the Raman spectroscopy measurement. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra showed that the relative transmittance of the SiH bands decreased, but that of the NH bands increased, with increasing nitrogen flow rate. During the deposition of SiNx, the number of dangling bonds of silicon acting as nucleation sites increased. As the hydrogen flow rate increased the growth rate decreased, due to the reduction in the hydrogen partial pressure. The hydrogen and nitrogen gas flow rates were found to be important parameters for determining the size of the a-Si QDs. In addition, we observed that the PL peak shifted toward a higher energy with increasing hydrogen and nitrogen gas flow rates, which was attributed to the increase in the quantum confinement effect in the a-Si QDs.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-05-01
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