Effect of Carbon Concentration on the Optical Properties of Nanocrystalline Diamond Films Deposited by Hot-Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition Method

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Abstract:

With reducing diamond grain size to nano-grade, the increase of grain boundaries and non-diamond phase will result in the change of the optical properties of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond films. In this paper, the structure, morphology and optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films, deposited by hot-filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) method under different carbon concentration, are investigated by SEM, Raman scattering spectroscopy, as well as optical transmission spectra and spectroscopic ellipsometry. With increasing the carbon concentration during the film deposition, the diamond grain size is reduced and thus a smooth diamond film can be obtained. According to the data on the absorption coefficient in the wavelength range from 200 to 1100 nm, the optical gap of the NCD films decreases from 4.3 eV to 3.2 eV with increasing the carbon concentration from 2.0% to 3.0%. From the fitting results on the spectroscopic ellipsometric data with a four-layer model in the photon energy range of 0.75–1.5 eV, we can find the diamond film has a lower refractive index (n) and a higher extinction coefficient (k) when the carbon concentration increases.

Keywords: HOT-FILAMENT CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; NANOCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND FILMS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.298

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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