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The Integration Solution of Copper Barrier Deposition for Nanometer Interconnect Process

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As the dimensions of devices are shrunk quickly, the requirements of metallization become more critical. For VIA barrier and seeding layer filling and deposition, the process was mostly applied with the copper physical vapor deposition methodology in the back-end of line flow of the interconnection metallization. The criteria for barrier and seeding layer deposition are the metal continuity inside the VIA feature and grain size and orientation control for film diffusion barrier and qualities. Besides, while the interconnection size shrunk to nano-scale, the barrier thickness would be very thinner to maintain the VIA resistance; however, it would face the film conformity and continuity consistence within the wafer and different features. The integration solution would be developed and studied with the re-sputter process step adding into the convectional physical vapor deposition process. The resputter process step could not only improve the film conformity and continuity in the VIA's sidewall; but also reduce the resistance of VIA feature over 20%. The improvement of the resputter method adding into the deposition process would be contributed to the standard barrier deposition in the nano-scale feature of the interconnect. Besides, we also discussed the effect of the film properties after the resputter process introduced into the barrier deposition.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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