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Decaarginine-PEG-Artificial Lipid/DNA Complex for Gene Delivery: Nanostructure and Transfection Efficiency

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Abstract:

Oligoarginine conjugates are highly efficient vectors for the delivery of plasmid DNA into cells. Decaarginine-conjugated lipid (Arg10-PEG-lipid) was synthesized and the effects of Arg10-PEG-lipid concentration at a fixed DNA concentration on transfection efficiency and the structure of the complexes were studied below and above critical micelle concentration (CMC), and at the lipid nitrogen/DNA phosphate (N/P) ratio corresponding to transfection, respectively. Arg10-PEG-lipid at the concentration below CMC showed stronger interaction with DNA by fluorescence intensity distribution analysis, and significantly higher luciferase and green fluorescent protein expression than that above CMC. A phase-contrast cryo-transmission electron microscope (cryo-TEM) experiment showed that the morphology of the complexes depended on the N/P ratio. At a low N/P ratio corresponding to that in transfection at a lipid concentration below CMC, a net-like structure developed in which plasmid DNA was involved. A further increase in the N/P ratio, a large fibrous nanostructure of complexes, was also observed. Without DNA, these structures were not obtained. The cellular uptake mechanism of complexes using flow cytometry with inhibitors suggested that complexes with two different morphologies showed similar cellular uptake and uptake mechanism, macropinocytosis. Differences in transfection efficiency of the complexes may be explained by a large fibrous nanostructure inhibiting the cellular internalization of complexes or the release of DNA from macropinosomes into cytoplasm. Arg10-PEG-lipid/DNA complexes formed a favorable nanostructure for gene delivery, depending on the N/P ratio in water.

Keywords: CELL-PENETRATING PEPTIDE; DECAARGININE; GENE DELIVERY; MACROPINOCYOTOSIS; SUPRAMOLECULAR STRUCTURE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.170

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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