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New Biomimetic Constructs for Improved In Vivo Circulation of Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) have been produced and used as a potent and versatile contrast media for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Despite a number of efforts to improve their surface chemistry and biocompatibility, the SPIOs half life in blood circulation is very short and they are rapidly taken up by the reticuloendothelial system (RES). In this paper we describe a new method that permits to avoid the rapid clearance of SPIOs. Nanoparticles are made biocompatible by encapsulation into autologous red blood cells. These biomimetic constructs preserve the main properties of the cells that escape RES clearance as well as the properties of the nanoparticles that perform even better than in blood suspension with reduced T2*. These SPIO-loaded RBCs are promising intravascular imaging contrast agents and could also be addressed to selected body compartments by an external magnetic field.

Keywords: BIOMIMETIC CONSTRUCTS; INTRAVASCULAR IMAGING CONTRAST AGENTS; SUPERPARAMAGNETIC IRON OXIDES; SUPERPARAMAGNETIC RED BLOOD CELLS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.190

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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