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Specific Interactions Induced Dispersion and Confinement of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Co-continuous Polymer Blends

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Abstract:

Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) were melt-mixed with 50/50 co-continuous blends of polyamide 6 (PA6) and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS). Blending sequence and moulding processes were found to have a strong impact on the conductivity of the blends with MWNT. Aggregated nature of the tubes, migration during processing and skin-core morphology generated during mould cooling step were found to be crucial parameters affecting the electrical conductivity of the blends. We report here the role of a reactive modifier: sodium salt of 6-amino hexanoic acid (Na-AHA) aiding in uniform dispersion of the MWNT in the 50/50 PA6/ABS blends and restricting the tubes utilizing specific interactions during melt-mixing in the PA6 phase in the blends. We further varied the MWNT to Na-AHA ratio from 1:1 to 1:15 to optimize the concentration of MWNT required in achieving lower electrical percolation threshold in co-continuous PA6/ABS blends. The associated percolation threshold was observed at ∼0.5 wt% MWNT with high dielectric constant.

Keywords: CO-CONTINUOUS MORPHOLOGY; ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY; MWNT; PA6/ABS BLENDS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.015

Publication date: April 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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