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Preparation and Characterization of Hollow Carbon Nanospheres Supported Metallic Catalysts by Using One-Step Pyrolysis Method

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A versatile one-step pyrolysis method is successfully employed to fabricate hollow carbon nanospheres (HCNs, ca. 60 nm in diameter) supported with metallic nanoparticle catalyst. The resultant catalyst hybrid was characterized by using TEM, FTIR, TGA measurements. It is confirmed that, as the carbon precursor and hollow core/shell structure template, hollow chitosan nanospheres provide the important adsorption sites for the metallic precursor. The one-step pyrolysis process at 750 °C under nitrogen atmosphere results in the simultaneous decomposition of the chitosan nanospheres to HCNs and the adsorbed metal salt complex to metallic nanoparticles. It is found that metallic nanoparticles with an average diameter of ca. 4 nm highly dispersed in the carbon shell of HCNs, and no aggregation phenomenon occurs under the high deposition temperature. As a demonstration, the HCNs-supported Pt catalyst for the electrochemical methanol oxidation was studied.
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Keywords: CARBON COMPOSITES; CATALYST SUPPORT; CATALYTIC PROPERTIES; CHITOSAN NANOSPHERES; PYROLYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-03-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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