Two-Photon Absorption and Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Studies of Sulfide Semiconductor Nanoparticles in Polymeric Solutions
The two-photon absorption coefficients () and the third-order nonlinear susceptibilities ((3)) of several semiconductor nanoparticles (CdS, CdxAg1–xS, and core–shell CdS/Ag2S) that are confined and stabilized by random and block ionomers have been measured by nonlinear transmission and degenerate four-wave mixing techniques using 21 picosecond laser pulses at near-infrared spectral region. The imaginary part of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility that is related to the two-photon absorption coefficient was then calculated. The absorptive nonlinearity of the nanoparticles (2∼9 nm) was found to be dependent on the particle size, composition and wavelength, i.e., larger CdS particles exhibit higher two-photon absorption coefficients and the presence of Ag improves two-photon absorption of CdS nanoparticles. The obtained two-photon absorption coefficients of nanoparticles corrected for their volume fraction in solution are significantly greater that those of corresponding bulk semiconductors.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 2008
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