Non-Linear Optical Properties of Zinc Oxide Nanowires
Abstract:High quality zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires were grown on n-type Si (100) using vapor-liquid-solid process. We obtained the photoluminescence spectra of ZnO nanowires based on nonlinear optical process using an ultrashort wavelength femtosecond laser as a pumping source. The spectra shows the second harmonic generation phenomenon, as well as the exciton–exciton collision peak at 388 nm and the green emission peak at 515 nm caused by oxygen vacancy. A laser emission peak near 392 nm was observed when pump intensity surpassed 52 mJ/cm2 and a sharp peak about 0.5 nm wide emerged when the energy intensity reached 700 mJ/cm2. We attribute this excitation process to a two-photon absorption process enhanced by Rabi oscillation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2008
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