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Non-Linear Optical Properties of Zinc Oxide Nanowires

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Abstract:

High quality zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires were grown on n-type Si (100) using vapor-liquid-solid process. We obtained the photoluminescence spectra of ZnO nanowires based on nonlinear optical process using an ultrashort wavelength femtosecond laser as a pumping source. The spectra shows the second harmonic generation phenomenon, as well as the exciton–exciton collision peak at 388 nm and the green emission peak at 515 nm caused by oxygen vacancy. A laser emission peak near 392 nm was observed when pump intensity surpassed 52 mJ/cm2 and a sharp peak about 0.5 nm wide emerged when the energy intensity reached 700 mJ/cm2. We attribute this excitation process to a two-photon absorption process enhanced by Rabi oscillation.

Keywords: NANOWIRES; NONLINEARITY; PL SPECTRA; TWO-PHOTON ABSORPTION; VLS; ZNO

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.313

Publication date: March 1, 2008

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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